4 Pets Clinic
What kind of Tests Do You Run and Why?
The reason for testing pets is the same reason as for people: to get advanced warning of potential problems and to start treatment before small problems become big disasters. Both pets and people can appear healthy with organs failing or with a disease or disorder which is not currently exhibiting symptoms. Our pets do a great job listening but cannot tell us what is wrong. Some health issues cannot be discovered without laboratory testing. Unfortunately, by the time symptoms of illness become obvious organ damage may already be in the advanced stages. So veterinarians often ask for lab tests.
Pets age more rapidly than humans and with aging changes occur in the function of the body. Our veterinarians are great at assessing the reason for some changes such as weight gain or loss, stiffness, dull hair, loss of sight or hearing but other ailments cannot be discovered during a veterinary examination. For this reason, the 4 Pets Clinic in house lab is equipped with sophisticated instruments and uses an outside lab to access hundreds of additional tests. Our doctors get the results of most tests within minutes.
We also have the ability to do pre-surgical testing and testing for chronic diseases.
A heartworm test is a blood test run in the clinic to determine if there is evidence of heartworms in the blood. Because the heartworms only show up after the pet has been infected for months, what you are really testing is if the pet developed heartworm some months ago. Because of this, and other complications with heartworm medicine, pets should be retested for heartworm every year.
Additional information about cat declawing is available on the website of the American Veterinary Medical Associaition.
Please feel free to call us if you have any questions or to schedule an appointment to discuss cat declawing with one of our veterinarians. You can reach us for questions or to schedule an appointment at 440-934-5353.
Why do Veterinarians Frequently Advise Testing?
A fecal test checks a small amount of stool for intestinal worms which can make pets and people sick. (You, or others in your family, can get some worms from your pet.)
This test is effective at finding worms in the sample but no test is perfect. Veterinarians report the results as no worm eggs found because even a perfectly prepared negative test does not guarantee your pet doesn't have worms. (Unfortunately, worms do not shed their eggs in every single bowel movement.) Veterinarians often repeat the test because the risk of false negatives, because worms and worm eggs move around alot and because worm eggs often live in the envirnoment for years.
The Feline Leukemia (FeLV) Test is a blood test to determine if the cat has been infected with FeLV. The Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Test is a blood test run in the clinic to determine if there is evidence of exposure to FIV either from illness or vaccination. A cat must be infected for weeks or months before the test will be able to detect a positive result.
We recommend, and the veterinary community generally recommends, that all cats get FeLV Test before vaccinating their cat for FeLV but if money is short doing something is better than doing nothing. We recommend testing all cats before bringing them into your home.
Feline Leukemia (FeLV) & Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
The complete blood count is the same test that you get at your doctor's office to deterimine the numbers and types of red cells, white cells and platelets. This is a general health check which looks at your blood and can offer your veterinarian an insight into your pet'sability to carry oxygen, fight disease and form clots. We run these test in house and expect results in 20 minutes.
Complete Blood County (CBC)
This is a general health check which looks at your pet's blood chemistry by measuring 17 different substances in the blood to monitor kidneys, liver, pancreas and other organs and can offer your veterinarian an insight into your pet's health. We run these test in house and expect results in 20 minutes.
Blood Chemistry Tests
Depending on your pet's needs, our veterinarian has the ability to order thousands of tests from one of the commercial testing labs we use. The results from outside tests are often back in a day but some take a week or more.
Commercial Laboratory Tests
Our veterinarians are always happy to discuss your pets health and the reasons for any testing recommended.
Cytology is an examination of the formation, structure, and function of cells under a microscope. Examples of cytology tests are Blood Smears, Ear Swabs, Aspirations (removing cells from the body with a needle) or a Urine Sediment.
Urinalysis is a chemical and microscopic test of the urine. Abnormal results from a urine test often indicate a problem with the kidneys or urinary tract including infections. A urinalysis can also find organ problems such as diabeties.